4-Hers learn the basics of wildlife identification, wildlife foods, ecology concepts, interpreting aerial photos, and wildlife management practices. Senior 4-Hers apply wildlife management practices, write a wildlife management plan as a team, and provide oral justifications of their plan.Learn more
4-H Wildlife Food Plot Project
The 4-H Wildlife Food Plot Project provides an opportunity for Arkansas Junior and Senior 4-Hers to demonstrate their skills with preparing, establishing, maintaining and observing a small wildlife food plot using provided seed for the purpose of food and cover establishment for wildlife.
This Food Plot Project is intended to introduce youth to ecology concepts and habitat practices for wildlife. Food plots are only a small part of a comprehensive wildlife habitat plan. Other practices such as establishing native plants, thinning forests, prescribed burning, building brush piles, and controlling invasive plants and animals are examples of additional practices.
For the 4-H Wildlife Food Plot Project, participants submit written, photo, and video reports of field activities. All Junior and Senior 4-H members ages 9 to 19 are eligible.
|Who:||Junior and Senior 4-H members ages 9 to 19 years|
|What:||Preparing, establishing, maintaining and observing a food plot using provided seed for the purpose of food and cover establishment for wildlife|
|When:||Deadline to register is June 1 through 4-H Online. Youth may start project activities (e.g., collect soil samples, apply soil amendments) prior to registration deadline.|
|Why:||To educate youth on the proper techniques of food plot establishment to benefit game animals and other wildlife species|
|How:||Contact your local County Extension Agent for more information or to register for the contest. For a registration fee of $20, youth receive enough seed to establish approximately 1/8 acre (5,445 square feet) food plot and a year’s membership to the Quality Deer Management Association’s (QDMA’s) Rack Pack youth program.|
- The 4-H member must register for the Wildlife Food Plot Project by June 1 on 4-H Online. A registration fee is charged to cover program costs.
- The 4-H member is responsible for equipment, materials and supplies associated with the project with the exception of provided seeds. At least one exclusion cage should be placed inside the plot to observe plant growth. (You can supply your own materials, or a limited number are available on loan from the county office upon request to the state coordinator.)
- The project plot will be approximately 1/8 acre in size. Thus, the plot should cover around 5,445 sq. ft. Plots less than 4,628 sq. ft. or more than 6,262 sq. ft. are not eligible for competition.
- The 4-H member will complete a food plot project book and a brief video (3 minutes maximum) used for judging projects. Both are due from the county to the state office by March 1. Therefore, county offices may require an earlier deadline in order to meet the state deadline.
- Youth should schedule at least one site visit at the food plot from their County Extension Agent or someone on their behalf as designated by the county office. The completed County Agent Assessment Score Sheet from this visit is entered in the project book. The 4-H member is required to attend the site visit. The score sheet must be signed by a county agent or designated person to qualify for district and state competitions.
- Periodically the enrolled participant should receive a magazine publication from the Quality Deer Management Association and their Rack Pack Youth Program. If you do not receive a publication by August, contact your county office who will then contact the project coordinator.
- District and state contest winners will be recognized at the Arkansas Wildlife Habitat Education Program (WHEP) State Contest which is typically the last Friday in April. Check the 4-H Calendar of Events for date and location.
- Youth must be enrolled as a 4-H member and register for the 4-H Wildlife Food Plot Project by June 1 through 4-H Online.
- Youth will prepare, establish, maintain, and observe a food plot that meets specified requirements.
- Up to 4 youth of either division (Junior or Senior) can complete individual project work on the same food plot. Only the primary 4-Her under whose name the 4-H Food Plot Project is enrolled will receive correspondence, seed packet, and magazine subscription. List additional participants when enrolling the primary 4-Her in the space provided on 4-H Online. Each participant must accurately describe his or her contribution to the food plot in an individual project book and video to be eligible for recognition and awards.
- Youth prepare and submit a project book and video to their County Extension Office before March 1 (due to the state office March 1) to compete in district and state competitions. The county office will forward project materials electronically to the state coordinator for evaluation by a judging team of Extension faculty and/or non-Extension professionals.
- Youth are to conduct all food plot activities except those in which safety is of concern, for example driving a tractor for plot preparation. Adult assistance is expected and should be noted in the project book.
- Youth must plant the seed they are given. No additional seed may be added. Participants will be notified when seeds are being distributed to county offices, and are responsible for contacting the county office to schedule a time to pick up seeds.
- Youth should schedule at least one site visit from their County Extension Agent or someone designated by the county office on their behalf. The participating youth must be present during this site visit. A completed County Agent Assessment Score Sheet with signature is required for the project book and for competing in district and state contests.
- Plots must be planted no later than October 20.
- Youth are allowed to hunt over project plots.
- All plots should be protected from livestock.
If seed fails to produce a crop for uncontrollable reasons, such as the weather, the 4-Her will remain eligible to compete for recognition and awards. Many “native” or “natural” food plots are a valuable source of food and cover for wildlife, even if food plot seeds fail to germinate.
Recognition & Awards
Youth who complete all project requirements and do not receive an award for their food plot project will receive a certificate of project completion provided to their county office.
The 4-H food plot project book and video will be used for judging and are due to the state office by March 1. Therefore, county offices may require an earlier deadline in order to meet county review and signature requirements.
The county office will submit electronically the project book as a PDF to the state coordinator, and the county office or participant will upload the video to the designated DropBox file (click on this upload link) no later than March 1. (No report covers.)
Juniors and Seniors will be awarded first, second, and third place in each District. One top state Junior and Senior will be recognized.
The top state Junior and Senior State winner will be determined by reviewing project materials of those who win first place in each District.
- In case of a tie, the District or State winner may be determined by tie-breaking bonus questions from the County Agent Assessment Score Sheet. If a tie remains, judges have the option to call for interviews. Participants will be interviewed individually either in person or by a video conferencing system (e.g., Zoom). Judges will ask each participant questions about their food plot project. Although there is no time limit, the expected length of the interview is less than 10 minutes.
- The top State Junior and Senior winners from the previous year are not eligible to win awards or recognition in the same division for the current project year, but they are encouraged to participate.
Date Activity June 1 Deadline to register April - July Collect soil sample (you can do this even before registering!) August Seed delivered to county offices October 20 Deadline to plant food plot November – January Schedule a site visit from local County Agent or someone designated on their behalf March 1 Project book and video due to state office March - April Judging project books and videos last Friday in April (check 4-H Calender of Events) Recognize district and state winners at 4-H Wildlife Habitat Education Program (WHEP) State Contest
Plot Requirements & Recommendations
The plot must be approximately 1/8 acre in size. Thus, the plots should cover around 5,445 sq ft. (Plots less than 4,628 sq. ft. or more than 6,262 sq. ft. are not eligible for competition.)
- Seed is not to be split between multiple plots.
- Better plots are those situated close to natural cover such as woods, fence rows, or brush piles with consideration to adequate sunlight.
- Plots should not be located very close to houses or other human activities. However, if there is no alternative, this is permissible.
- At least one exclusion cage should be placed inside the plot to observe plant growth and the effect of grazing pressure or disturbance from deer and other wildlife. Participants can construct their own cage, or a limited number are available on loan from the county office upon request to the state 4-H food plot coordinator.
- Using a trail (game) camera is optional to observe wildlife usage of the food plot.
- Using corn feeders or other artificial attractants skews the results and therefore are not recommended in the vicinity of the food plot.
- The project book can be downloaded at this website or contact your local County Extension Office.
- The project book is to be prepared by the 4-H member, completed throughout the course of the project, finished, and turned in to the county office before March 1. The project book and corresponding video is due to the state office by March 1. The project record book can be either hand written (neatness counts) or typed.
- The project book includes a County Agent Assessment Score Sheet to be completed by a county agent (or someone on their behalf as designated by the county office) in the county where the food plot is located. Project youth must be present when the county agent visits the food plot site. The signed County Agent Assessment Score Sheet in the project book is required for youth competing for awards and recognition.
- A brief video (3 minutes maximum) of the participant describing his/her project story will be uploaded to a DropBox file by the county office or participant by March 1.
- Videos are judged based on the participant's (1) description of work and accomplishments, and (2) presentation skills. The video should feature the 4-H participant stating name and county; a view of the food plot; and the 4-H participant providing a description of project work and accomplishments.
- The entire video should be shot in the field at the food plot site. Special video graphics, manipulations, or enhancements to the video will not be considered in judging.
Common Reasons for Disqualification from Competition
- Incorrect plot size - plot is less than 4,628 sq. ft. or more than 6,262 sq. ft.
- Lack of signatures - participant, parent, and county agent signatures are required for authenticating the project book on the cover page.
- Incomplete County Agent Assessment Score Sheet - completed form with county agent (or designated person) signature is required.
- Submitted past the due date - project book and video must be received at the state office by March 1; therefore, county offices may require an earlier deadline.
Project Support Materials
We greatly appreciate these sponsors of the Arkansas 4-H Food Plot Project. Please express your appreciation by supporting these businesses.